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外墙保温安全要哪些方面呢?
外墙保温安全要哪些方面呢?
文章来源:本站原创  作者:网站管理员  浏览:11 更新时间:2019-04-01 14:06:04
外墙保温工程作为建筑施工的重要一环,其安全稳定性更是不容忽视,做好外墙保温安全应该从哪些方面入手呢?
第一,明确外墙保温材料防火性能及等级
目前市面上不少保温材料原料都是有机可燃的,这给施工以及居住者带来一定火灾隐患, 世界各发达国家基本上都对保温材料的防火等级制定了严苛的规定,其销售的前提是各种类保温材料必须满足相应的防火等级并添加相应标识。外墙保温防火应先从源头抓起,杜绝不合格材料流入市场,重点倡导推广防火等级高的A级不燃材料。
第二,进一步完善建筑保温节能材料的政策法规
目前虽然有《节约能源法》、《民用建筑节能条例》等暂行规定,但长效机制政策法规尚未建立,如果能有一套行之有效的部门规章或规范性文件,相信对于建筑保温节能领域的安全发展起到更加积极的作用。  
第三,加强对建筑保温材料的监督抽查工作
目前我国建筑节能保温市场处于高速发展阶段,但同时也处于初级阶段,假冒伪劣、恶性竞争等客观事实确实存在,因此要不断优化监管手段及力度,把控好生产、市场、施工现场等各个环节,持续保证保温材料的安全性。
第四,做好施工现场的施工安全管理工作。
建筑物外墙材料的施工过程中,监理单位、施工单位以及建设单位必须要做好施工现场的消防安全管理工作,根据施工现场的实际情况制定完善的管理制度,明确各级别施工人员的责任,严格实施责任到人制。
As an important part of the construction, the safety and stability of the external wall insulation project can not be ignored. Which aspects should we start from?
First, clarify the fire protection performance and grade of external insulation materials
At present, many raw materials for thermal insulation materials on the market are organically flammable, which brings certain fire hazards to construction and residents. Basically, developed countries in the world have formulated strict regulations on the fire rating of thermal insulation materials. The premise of its sale is that various types of insulation materials must meet the corresponding fire protection level and add the corresponding logo. The external wall heat preservation and fire prevention should be started from the source first, to prevent unqualified materials from flowing into the market, and to advocate the promotion of Class A non-combustion materials with high fire protection levels.
Second, further improve the building insulation and energy-saving materials policies and regulations
At present, although there are temporary provisions such as the Energy Conservation Law and the Regulations on Energy Conservation in Civil Buildings, the long-acting mechanism has not yet been established. It is believed that it plays a more positive role in the safety development of building thermal insulation and energy conservation.
Third, strengthen the supervision and sampling of building insulation materials
At present, China's energy conservation and insulation market is in a high-speed development stage, but at the same time it is also in the primary stage. The objective facts such as fake and shoddy, vicious competition do exist. Therefore, we must constantly optimize the means and strength of supervision and control the production, market, construction site and other aspects. Keep the insulation material safe.
Fourth, do a good job in construction safety management。
During the construction of materials for the external walls of a building, the supervision unit, construction unit and construction unit must do a good job in the fire safety management work at the construction site, formulate a complete management system based on the actual conditions at the construction site, and clarify the responsibilities of the construction personnel at all levels。 Strict implementation of the responsibility to the system of people。
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